What are the Symptoms for Diabetes and How to Identify Them

The busy world today is full of hectic demands and rushed deadlines. We tend to compromise on healthy meals and physical exercises just to complete the daily schedules. Over a period of time, this unhealthy way of living manifests itself in what are now called lifestyle diseases like diabetes, hypertension, obesity, etc. Before you move ahead, let’s get to know about diabetes and what are the symptoms for diabetes.

It’s a metabolic disorder which causes excessive thirst leading to excessive urination. Or in a more technical term, it is also the failure of the body to efficiently store glucose (also known as sugar). Glucose is the most significant ingredient in the blood stream. In Diabetes, a person may experience high or low glucose levels.

Variance in glucose level may occur when a diabetic person overeats or has not eaten enough. The insulin level that regulates the blood sugar level starts to vary on higher or lower side.

Common Symptoms of Diabetes

• Frequent urination: Excess glucose level present in blood is flushed out via urination.
• Hunger, thirst and fatigue: In diabetes, the inappropriate functioning of blood glucose levels leads to burning of excess energy, leading to fatigue and hunger. Excess urination leads to thirst.
• Weight gain or loss: Weight gain may happen due to above mentioned reason – hunger. Weight loss may happen if the body is unable to convert food into energy or make enough insulin to generate energy.
• Irritability: It transpires due to your lack of energy.
• Blurred vision: It is caused due to high blood sugar levels; body water is pulled into lens causing them to swell. It affects the ability to focus.
• Cuts and bruises don’t heal properly or quickly: In diabetes, due to inappropriate glucose levels, body takes its time to heal and recover.
• Dry Mouth and Itchy Skin: Excessive urination leads to dryness in mouth and skin
• Numbness or tingling, especially in your feet and hands : Uncontrolled sugar levels causes disorder in body nerves leading to tingling and/or numbness in hands and feet

Types of Diabetes

Going further, there are 3 types of diabetes; Pre-diabetes, type 1 and type 2.

• Pre-diabetes is a stage where not all symptoms are present to diagnose. To simplify, the blood sugar levels are high than a normal range but still not high enough to be considered as diabetes. There are no specific or separate signs and symptoms except the ones mentioned above.
• Type 1 diabetes is conventionally diagnosed in children or teenagers. In this diabetes the body ceases to produce insulin because the immune system destroys the cells in pancreas that generates insulin. Task of insulin is to breakdown and convert sugar and starches from food particles into energy. People suffering from this type of diabetes are required to take external insulin everyday throughout their lives.

Known Causes:

o Insufficient insulin
o Over eating
o Stress and being ill – e.g. severe flu or an infection
o Adolescence, because of hormone changes and rapid growth.
o Pregnancy.

• Type 2 Diabetes is also known as insulin resistance diabetes. The body makes insulin, but the cells in pancreas don’t utilize it well. People with type 2 diabetes have variance in sugar levels due to:

o do not produce enough insulin
o are not responsive to insulin
o a combination of both

Causes include:

o Over weight/ obesity
o lack of exercise
o unhealthy diets
o Heredity
o Erratic sleep habits

So now that you know what are the symptoms for diabetes, take necessary precautions and care for your health.

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