Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of the pancreas that affects the protein, carbohydrates and fat metabolism. There are two major forms of diabetes mellitus, the Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1, it is formerly called as Insulin-dependent diabetes or Juvenile diabetes. This disease usually affects children, teenagers and young adults. It is characterized by no insulin production by the beta cells in the islet of Langerhans of the pancreas.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus or Non-insulin-dependent diabetes, runs in the families; it is also called Adult-onset diabetes. It is characterized by insulin resistance or insufficient insulin production. The manifestation occurs when the beta cells of the islet of langerhans secrete insulin into the bloodstream, but the blood glucose level remains elevated because of the peripheral insulin resistance and increased conversion of glycogen to glucose by the liver.
Family hstory and Obesity are the major risk factor in developing type 2 diabetes. Obesity is linked to insulin resistance, because an excessive fat makes it difficult for the cells to react to insulin. Being Obis or overweight makes people inactive; as a result, this reduces further the body’s ability to respond to insulin. In the past, more adults are more likely to develop this form of diabetes because they are more prone to be obis, but today, there are more kids and teenagers who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Children who are in the puberty stage are also more at risk because the rise of hormone levels that can cause insulin resistance.
Signs and symptoms might vary in every person who is suffering from this disease. People may not find out that they have the disease until such time they suffered from diabetes complications.
Some people might already have the symptoms but they just ignore it or do not suspect it as diabetes. Clients with type 2 diabetes have a gradual onset of symptoms. The three classic symptoms of type 2 diabetes are polyuria (increased urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger). They might also develop fatigue, blurred vision, weight loss, sore that do not heal, urinary tract and vaginal infection, because the increased in blood glucose level supports bacterial growth.
If you already have these signs and symptoms, consult your doctor immediately for the treatment of the disease.
Type 2 diabetes can be diagnosed using the following blood testing:
- Oral glucose tolerance test
- Fasting blood glucose level
- Random blood glucose
- Postprandial glucose
- Glycosylated hemoglobin or Hemoglobin A1c.
The primary goal of the treatment is to lower down the high blood glucose levels. To do this, a client who is manifesting type 2 diabetes should have a regular check up with their doctor, have a regular exercise and have a healthy diet.
A regular check up to the doctor is needed to monitor the client’s blood glucose level. The doctor might give some medications to prevent diabetes for possible complications.
Regular exercise is necessary to eliminate the fats and calories that control the reaction to insulin. It helps metabolize carbohydrates, thus decreasing insulin requirements. Having a regular exercise will manage your weight and help you to develop your health by improving your blood pressure and blood flow. An exercise program for the client with diabetes specifies the type of exercise and the length of time to perform it. The program is tailored according to the client’s needs and lifestyle.
A person with type 2 diabetes should have a healthy diet. Diet is a major component for the treatment of every person with diabetes. Person who is suffering from diabetes should eat the same times each they but must choose what kind of food to eat. Meal planning is very necessary; this includes eating the right amount of food, eating the right food and eating meals at the right time. Some client suffering from this disease might stop taking medication after losing weight.
After many years, clients who are suffering from this disease might lead to more serious problems if the diabetes cannot be treated after the onset. These are the some of the complications that might arise: Heart failure, stroke, high blood pressure, peripheral vascular disease, nerve damage, foot sores or ulcers, that can lead to amputation, blindness and other eye disease, kidney disease and failure, macular edema and erectile dysfunction, infections of the skin, female genital tract, and urinary tract.
It is essential to have a regular check up to your health care provider to in order to prevent diabetes from complications. You can prevent diabetes by keeping a healthy diet, active lifestyle and regular exercise. It is also a help if you stop your vices like smoking if you smoke and drinking alcoholic drinks.
Type2 diabetes, commonly known as insulin insensitive diabetes, is a disorder of your body affecting the normal regulation and metabolism of glucose (sugar) in your body. In this case, your body is being independent and insensitive into insulin, and insulin in not properly produce in your body to control and maintain the normal blood glucose (sugar) level. If this is not prevented nor treated, type 2 diabetes could be fatal and lead you to death. Until now, there is no identified cure for type2 diabetes, but on the good side, there are still ways on how you can prevent and manage yourself and the condition itself. It is just what the norm is about, have healthy food nourishment, exercise regularly, avoid eating those foods that can trigger type 2 diabetes and lastly, have a regular medical checkup. It is still the safest and accurate thing to do in monitoring your health condition.
Fortunately, type2 diabetes has signs and symptoms that could help you, guide you and give you knowledge about this disease. Even if these signs and symptoms develop very slowly but this could be helpful since you can acquire type 2 diabetes without even knowing it. Some of these are having blurred vision, extreme thirst, skin darkening, losing weight, sudden increase in food appetite, frequent urination, and over fatigue. If you are suffering these signs and symptoms, or even just some of it, it could be better if you visit your physician immediately to cope it and prevent your possible-occurring type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes is prone to obese children, even in adults and commonly to those individuals who have family history on type 2 diabetes.
Having type2 diabetes could complicate everything, even your entire body, which could lead you to death. One of the complications that type 2 diabetes could give you is affecting your retinopathy, getting your eyesight complicated and severe. Your kidneys could also be damaged. Kidney malfunction and even heart diseases could emerge. Since glucose is stuck into your bloodstream in type 2 diabetes, there is a tendency in poor blood circulation and nerve damages in your body. That is how type2 diabetes can complicate your entire body if you are not to cope it with medication.
You can do series of tests and treatments that could help you diagnose if you are afflicted with type 2 diabetes. Various blood tests are the fastest and easiest way to find an answer. Some of these tests are Fasting blood sugar test, random blood sugar test, and Glycated hemoglobin test. Medical technology is successively at their service to provide temporary cure and prevention for type 2 diabetes patients.
In having type 2 diabetes or even letting yourself prone to it, you can easily think about your blood glucose (sugar) level. Questions might be capturing your mind on how you can help yourself and stay healthy. The answer is to monitor your blood sugar level by using your healthy lifestyle treatment. You can start it by having yourself healthy food nourishment, be conscious on your choice of food and be particular on the quantity. Physical activity is next, do it regularly, just enough to flex your body system. To avoid sudden complication, maintain your medication especially insulin therapy and have regular checkups to your physician. This is the most important, avoid those foods that would complicate yourself and could grow into a sever type 2 diabetes condition.
Your safety and health is in your own hands. Be able to keep monitored on your health condition and even your lifestyle. A single snap of mistake and carelessness could twist everything and can get you in dilemma. Even if you are maintaining yourself careful on your intakes, always keep still in your mind to enjoy every eating experience you have.
Diabetes is a disease that has been triggered by several factors. You can immediately trace the reasons how did you get such ailments by knowing more about the types of diabetes. It is better to be aware with your health and maintain a healthy life.
The two major problems interrelated to insulin of type2 diabetes were insulin resistance also spoiled insulin emission. Insulin resistance is the decreased tissue compassion to insulin. Usually, insulin combines to particular receptors in cell exteriors and commences series of responses involved to glucose metabolism. The type 2 diabetes, those intracellular responses is diminished, therefore depiction insulin fewer effective at motivating glucose up tear by tissues and in amendable glucose liberate by liver. The accurate mechanisms that guide to insulin conflict and spoiled insulin emission in type 2 diabetes are recognized, though genetic aspect are thought to take part in a function.
To conquer insulin conflict and to avoid the building up of glucose in blood, augmented amounts of insulin should be concealed in order to uphold the glucose level in a usual or slightly prominent level. Though, if beta cells can’t remain with increased require for insulin, the glucose stage rises, and type2 diabetes develops. In spite of impaired insulin emission that is trait of type 2 diabetes, there’s enough insulin at hand to avoid the breakdown of fat also the supplementary fabrication of ketone body. Unrestrained type2 diabetes can, however, direct to another sensitive problem.
Type 2 diabetes happens usually in people elder than 30years of age who are stout, though its occurrence is rising in young adults. Since it is connected with slow, progressive glucose bigotry, the start of type 2 diabetes may go hidden for numerous years. If indications are experienced, they are often mild and can include irritability, fatigue, polydipsia, polyuria, skin wounds that heal poorly, blurred vision if glucose levels are high or vaginal infections.
Since insulin resistance is connected with obesity, the main cure of type 2 diabetes is mass loss. Work out is too significant in enhancing the efficiency of insulin. Oral anti-diabetics mediator may be supplementary if diet and work out are not thriving in scheming blood glucose stages. If utmost doses in a single group of oral cause may be used. Insulin can be added to oral mediator therapy, or enduring may budge to insulin therapy completely. Some patients need insulin in a continuing basis, and further may necessitate insulin in a provisional basis throughout periods of sensitive physiologic strain, such as sickness or surgery.
A recent story has established that type 2 diabetes may be prevented or deferred in persons with high risk in the disease during weight lessening and increased contribution in reasonable exercise. Here are several five mechanism of diabetes organization: exercise, nutritional management, pharmacologic therapy, monitoring, and education. Action varies due of changes with lifestyle and emotional and physical status in addition to advances in cure methods. Therefore, diabetes supervision involves stable assessment and alteration of the cure plan by health expert and daily modification in therapy of the patient. Even though the fitness care team shortest the treatment, it is still the patient who should run the complex healing regimen. For the cause, family and patient education is essential module of diabetes healing and important all of us other mechanism of the routine.
Diabetes is a widespread disease, it is described as the failure or decrease in the capacity of the body to handle sugar. The big problem regarding diagnosis of diabetes is the inability to detect it. Most persons have type II diabetes known as adult diabetes compared to Type 1 diabetes which is insulin-requiring type the mostly affects the young.
These days, most of the people who are suffering from diabetes are treating only the symptoms but do not get into the root of the problem. In addition, there are lots of medications that are given to the persons suffering from the disease that are only compounding the problem instead of knowing the root of the cause.
- -genes which are inherited
- -long term diet that had been in high carbohydrates
- -nutritional deficiencies
The body is breaking down the carbohydrates into glucose and then it enters the blood stream. Eating more carbohydrates can result to a higher blood sugar. As a result, the body will produce insulin. The insulin will then drive the blood sugar into the cells. At the outside of the cells inside the body were insulin receptors, which are acting like small doors which close and opens for the regulation of the blood sugar’s inflow.
After the passing years of consummation of the high-carbohydrate diets, the cells will have then be showered with too much insulin that results to the malfunctioning of the doors and they shutdown.
With lesser doors open, the body will even need to produce more insulin that will push the glucose to the cells. The more insulin it causes much more doors to be closing and while this nasty cycle continues, a state called the insulin resistance will set in. This insulin resistance will be getting so bad that the body will no longer generate enough insulin that pushes the blood glucose to the cells.
Type 2 Diabetes is a disorder in the metabolism which results from the inability of the body to create enough insulin. It is called non-insulin dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM). The body can’t move glucose (blood sugar) into the cells without enough production or use of insulin. It is a constant disease with no known cure. Diabetes mellitus is the most common form.
Prediabetes – blood glucose scale is higher than the normal range but is not high enough to be called diabetes. However, plenty of people having prediabetes develop type II diabetes in the duration of 10 years according to the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Prediabetes increases the danger of stroke and heart diseases. People having prediabetes may delay or preven type ll diabetes by moderate exercise and modest loss of weight.
There is no known cause of type ll diabetes. Genetic factor appears to be the cause why it runs in the family. Although someone can inherit the tendency to acquire type II diabetes, it generally takes other factor like obesity to develop the disease.
Delay of onset or prevention of type ll diabetes:
Type ll diabetes can be delayed or prevented by following some programs to reduce or eliminate the risk factors – losing weight and increasing exercise in particular.
The following are the different common symptoms:
- Infections that do not heal easily
- High glucose level in the blood if tested
- Elevated sugar scale in urine if tested
- Unusual thirst
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Dry and itchy skin
- Vomiting and nausea
Symptoms can be mild and sometimes unnoticeable or confused easily with aging signs. The symptoms may resemble other situations or medical complications. Always consult your doctor for diagnosis.
Risk Factors of type II diabetes
Risk factor – is anything which increases the chance of a person to develop a disease. It can be some activities like smoking, family history or diet, or some other things. These factors can add to the person’s risk, but they don’t necessarily cause the ailment.
The following are some of the risk factors
- Age- People above 45 years of age are high risks for the disease
- Family history
- Being overweight
- Not having regular exercise
- Ethnicity and race – Being members of racial and ethnic groups, like African- Americans, Hispanic
Americans and Native Americans increase the risk for type ll diabetes.
- History of diabetes in pregnancy, delivery of a baby that weighs more than nine pounds.
- Low level of good cholesterol or HDL (high density lipoprotein)
- High level of triglycerides
Specific medication for type ll diabetes must be determined by your doctor based on the following:
- age, medical history and overall health
- extent of the illness
- tolerance for exact treatment, procedures and therapies
- expectations for the path of the disease
- your preference or opinion
- proper diet
- control of weight
- an accurate exercise program
- regular inspection of the foot
- oral medications, insulin replacement and other medications as directed by the physician.
Diabetes type 2 is pretty much distinct from the juvenile type of diabetes. In this second kind of diabetes, the pancreas can still synthesize its own insulin however, the problem lies on the fact that the insulin produced is not enough, or the cell within the body cannot accept it. There is a need to resort to oral hypoglycemic agents of medicines, taken orally to lower the blood glucose within the body.
More commonly known as the diabetes for adults, This type of diabetes occurs as a result of obesity and poor lifestyle management. In this condition, there is little occurrence of diabetic keto acidosis to happen. However, One complication that could happen would be the non ketotic hyperglycemia in which th blood sugar sky rockets without any manifestations of ketones turning the blood acidic. Although the manifestations occur without the ketone products found in the blood, this complications can be just as life threatening and it would require prompt treatment distinct from how type 1 is usually treated.
Diabetes type 2 can also be aggravated by other health conditions. Most commonly, those that are directly linked to obesity. Increased levels of cholesterol and metabolic syndromes can greatly affect the exacerbation of this disease. Other health problems that trigger this disease would include chronic pancreatitis, cancer and chronic intake of drugs. Additional causes would also include advancing age, high fat diets and sedentary lifestyle.
Diverse and multifactorial changes in metabolism would often result to damage and malfunction of vital organs most especially in the cardio vascular system. Some of the most common complications would lead to heart attack, stroke and atherosclerosis or the blockage of the arteries.
Some of the most common manifestations of this disease would include fatigue that occurs form long periods of time, restlessness and weakness all through out the body, Excessive urination (polyuria), Extreme thirst (poly dipsia) Excessive hunger (polyphagia) lethargy, genital infections, tingling and numbness of the limbs, dramatic weight loss and lethargy.
Some of the manifestations of this condition may be similar to type 1 Diabetes however, some sign and symptoms are more poignant to type to than type 1. For example, dark spots on the skin is likely to be more evident in type 2 than type 1 that would evidently indicate a sign of resistance to insulin.
All of the signs and symptoms of this disease should not be taken for granted. It is essential for a patient to be assertive in terms of anything that does not look or feel right. This condition requires serious health management and counseling. If you continue to overlook the manifestations occurring, this condition can affect your health condition and can even debilitate you.
It is also essential to seek medical counseling promptly when you have noticed the signs and symptoms of this condition. The medical practitioner will be more than willing to render tests that can help confirm the diagnosis of diabetes type 2. It is a simple method that could end up saving your life.
Remember, it it way better to be medically aware of your condition than be ignorant and suffer the consequences of this disease.