Who is At Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

There are very serious complications that can develop from type 2 diabetes. The complications seem to develop differently based on age, gender, and family origins. It is important for all patients to monitor for all potential complications as they can develop anywhere in anyone. In men, the chances are higher that the patient will develop heart disease or have a stroke. They also experience high levels of kidney damage due to the excess glucose and high blood pressure related to the disease. Some men develop vision problems and even blindness. Gum disease is another common complication that men develop. They also get nerve damage or may experience sleep apnea.

Women have some type 2 Diabetes complications related to child bearing. When a woman has diabetes and gets pregnant, they have a higher chance of miscarriage than others do. The baby may also have birth defects related to the mother having diabetes. Some women do not develop Diabetes until they are pregnant. However, developing gestational diabetes indicates a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Women who have babies weighing over nine pounds are also much more likely to develop it later as well. Women of African American, Hispanic, and American Indian, Asian, and Pacific Islander descent are much more likely to develop the disease than their Anglo counterparts will.  Women often develop depression and eating disorders because of a diagnosis.

People of African American descent have a higher rate of type 2 Diabetes than the general population. Almost 15 percent of African American population over 20 has the disease. Twenty five percent of women in this group over age 55 have it. They have an increased risk of blindness as well. They also have higher incidences of kidney disease, amputations, heart disease, and permanent nerve damage. Among Native Americans, the statistics are even worse. They have an even higher chance of developing the disease as African Americans. Almost 30% of that population likely has pre-diabetes at any given time.

For those of Asian or Pacific Islander descent, they have a high chance of developing Type 2 Diabetes even if they do not have weight issues.  With excess weight, the chances skyrocket. A family history of the disease or a sedentary lifestyle also contributes to the high rates. No matter whom you are or what your background is, it is important to work to prevent these complications before they happen.  Most complications are not reversible.

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