Newborn skin might often be noticed to have blemishes in the form of spots and bumps. These are nothing but rashes that are highly common amongst babies due to a number of reasons. Babies might acquire them right from birth or within a couple of weeks of coming into the world.
Some of these rashes are very common, needing no treatment at all, as they will disappear within a few weeks. Whereas there are some rashes that may be a teeny bit longer lasting and might need some basic treatment or homemade remedies. All in all there is no need to be scared or alarmed by the newborn rash. These should be the least of your concern when you are offering all your time in raising your baby into a healthy little angel. The different kinds of rashes:
The newborns have extremely sensitive skin which is vulnerable to a number of different kinds of rashes. Some of the many rashes that can appear on your baby’s skin, leaving him red, either on his face or his rear, include-
Number 1: Baby Acne
Baby acne comes with a number of names, which include- pink pimples, red bumps, neonatal acne, etc. These are without doubt the most common type of rashes that the new born babies are exposed. It is believed that the baby acne is caused by the baby coming in contact with maternal hormones in the womb of the mother pre-birth. These hormones can last with the baby for a number of weeks even after birth. It is believed that it is these hormones that react with the oil glands in the face of the baby, to make them over active and excrete a higher level of oil than necessary. This high output of oil on the face causes baby acne or red bumps on the face of the baby. These only last for a few weeks and do not require any specific treatment or medication. Daily face wash with mild soap will do the trick. In case of intensive outbreak of acne expert advice is recommended.
Number 2: Erythema Toxicum
Rest assured, it is not as toxic as it sounds. The erythema toxicum is basically a common variant of newborn rash, noticed amongst newborns in the form of red blotches. There are no defined borders in this case and the ends are slightly raised. The rashes are often accompanied by yellow or white dot in the middle of the patch. The cause for the eruption of such blotches is unknown even to specialists. The rashes require no specific treatment or medication and are noticed to disappear within a few weeks from appearing.
Number 3: Peeling skin
Peeling skin is the most common symptom to any and every healthy baby. Here the upper layer of skin becomes dry and starts to peel off. The lower layer remains perfectly smooth and soft, without affecting the health of the skin in any way. These rashes are especially noticeable in babies who are born a little late than normal. Here the skin starts to peel off faster than normal, leaving behind the soft baby skin.
Number 4: Milia
The Milia is again a common and easily treatable rash that newborns come across. It looks like white bumps and usually appears on the nose, cheek and the forehead region. This is the previous stage to baby acne. The milia transforms into red bumps when it reaches a more advanced stage. The main causes of appearance of these rashes are due to the enlarging and the opening of oil pores in the face of the baby. Extra oil secretion gives way to this newborn rash which eventually will disappear in a few days or weeks.
Number 5: Salmon Patches
The salmon patch comes to be known by other names as well, such as- the ‘angel’s kiss’, when it appears between two eyes, or the ‘stork bite’, when it is seen appearing at the back side of the neck. These rashes are nothing but an accumulation of the blood vessels that fade away with due course of time. Stock bites sometime remain for a lifetime, but pose no severe harm to the health of the skin. Again no special treatment or medication is required to battle the rash. It disappears on its own.
Number 6: Mongolian Spots
When speaking of rashes, another one that deserves mention is the Mongolian spots. These bruise-like rashes appear in colours of grey and blue and also vary in sizes. These are caused by pigments that did not reach their destinations, i.e. the top layer of the skin. These blotches require a bit more time to fade away in comparison to the other rashes but it is just a matter of time before they disappear.
Other types of rashes that are common with newborns, include diaper rashes, jaundice rashes, heat rashes etc.
Treating rashes of newborns:
A bit of care and constant vigilance can help you avoid these rashes or help them vanish within a smaller span of time. These rashes are completely harmless in the long run but can cause irritation to the kid when they prevail. Practicing a few cures can help you battle the irritation. Some of the steps you can follow to subside the level of irritation felt by your new born include-
- Avoiding too much contact to moisture. Too much exposure to moisture can alleviate the level of discomfort and irritation.
- Keep the area with the rash fresh and dry. Wash the rash prone areas with a mild soap daily. This ensures the removal of any traces of germs or extra moisture.
- Use a soft fabric to pat dry the area with the rash.
- Dress the baby in loose clothes to allow enough passage of air.
Once you identify the kind of rash your baby has, treating it becomes easier. In case that the newborn rash gains a severe form, it is important that you get in touch with a pediatrician.