Diabetes is a condition that leads to high glucose levels in your blood. A healthy pancreas will produce a hormone called insulin which helps your cells absorb glucose to make energy. If your cells aren’t using it, then your blood starts to reflect high glucose levels.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood. In this case the pancreas does not produce any insulin. For type 1 diabetes, insulin treatment is necessary. Type 2 diabetes is the most common kind of diabetes. This is when you don’t produce enough insulin. The third type of diabetes is known as gestational diabetes. This occurs in over 3 per cent of pregnancies. People with gestational diabetes, and their babies, may be more prone to developing type 2 diabetes.
When too much sugar builds up in the blood it can cause a condition called hyperglycemia. High glucose in the blood can lead to some very serious complications including kidney failure, blindness, and amputation. Research has shown that using a combination of treatments to reduce high glucose can cut your risk of serious problems astronomically.
Symptoms of high glucose include fatigue, frequent urination, unusual thirst, and numbness or tingling in the hands and feet. If you are overweight or over 40 you are more at risk of diabetes. People of African, Asian, Hispanic and Aboriginal descent are also more likely to develop diabetes. Dark skin patches are also a risk factor. If you have a close relative with diabetes, you may also have a higher chance of developing diabetes.
It is important to manage your diabetes to ensure you don’t end up with high glucose in the blood. People with type 2 diabetes can often increase their own insulin levels with lifestyle changes. Weight management, a healthy diet, and exercise are all important. Stress can also affect insulin production. You need to watch your sugar intake.
People should have less than 60 per cent of calories from carbohydrates. These include fruits, sweets, and grains in higher concentrations. Vegetables and dairy products also contain carbohydrates. Higher fiber foods help slow digestion and the release of glucose.
Some people have to take insulin injections to control high glucose. Insulin usually has to be injected to work properly. Stomach acids cause insulin to deteriorate before it gets in to the blood stream. There are several different methods to inject insulin. You can use syringes, pens or an insulin pump. Insulin inhalers are sometimes prescribed. You can talk to your doctor about which method works best to treat your high glucose.
There are two types of insulin produced in the pancreas. Basal insulin is a small trickle to keep a constant level in your blood stream. When you eat a meal, you will have a high glucose level. This is when your pancreas produces Bolus insulin to quickly help your cells absorb the glucose, and create energy.
Blood glucose meters will help you determine if you have low, normal or high glucose levels in your blood. A testing kit comes with a small lance to prick your finger. You place a drop of blood on a test strip. This is inserted into the blood glucose meter.
Keeping a lid on high glucose is your main goal in controlling your diabetes. You need to follow your treatment plan consistently. You also have to eat regularly. If you use the tools available, you can still live a long and vital life. There is no cure for diabetes. However, using insulin, weight management and stress reduction will ensure you can keep your blood glucose levels as normal as possible.