Type II diabetes is a common condition that affects millions of people. Some people don’t even realize they have it. Type II diabetes occurs when your pancreas fails to produce proper levels of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells use glucose for energy. If your cells aren’t using the glucose you ingest, it ends up floating around in your blood stream. If it builds up beyond safe levels it can lead to serious complications. Some consequences of high blood sugar include kidney disease, heart conditions, eye problems, sexual problems and sometimes amputation.
You might have type II diabetes if you are thirsty all the time. Some type II diabetics feel the need to urinate too often. Other diabetics are tired. You may experience unexplained weight changes. Diabetic symptoms include frequent infections or cuts that are slow to heal. You may notice tingling and numbness in the hands or feet. You may have blurred vision.
Some people are more at risk of type II diabetes. People of Aboriginal, Hispanic, African, Asian or South Asian descent are in a higher risk group. If you have a close family member with diabetes, you are also more likely to get the condition. People who carry extra weight around the middle, or who have high blood pressure are at risk. So are people with high cholesterol, dark skin patches, or impaired glucose tolerance. Some people with type II diabetes show no symptoms at all.
Type II diabetes can sometimes be controlled by making some healthy changes in your life. A registered dietician can help you create a diabetes meal plan that will help maintain proper blood sugar levels. Regular exercise is also a factor in helping your body regulate insulin levels. A healthy weight is also a key way to control the condition. Sometimes losing just 10 pounds can make a difference.
People with type II diabetes may need to take insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control. There are different types of insulin, and various doses, depending on your personal condition. Your doctor can help you determine the correct insulin prescription for you.
Insulin cannot be taken orally. You have to inject it into the layer of fat just below the skin for it to work. Stomach juices prevent the hormone from reaching your blood stream in proper levels. You can use syringes, pens or pumps to administer your insulin. Some people may be able to use an insulin inhaler.
A doctor will also advise you on how and when to test your blood to ensure you are keeping your blood sugar at proper levels. Test kits usually include a lancing device so you can prick your finger to get a drop of blood. You will put the blood on test strips. A blood glucose meter will determine your current level.
There are different types of insulin in different doses depending on your needs. Your pancreas usually produces insulin in two ways. Basal insulin is the slow trickle of insulin that remains in your blood stream in low levels. Bolus insulin is released after your blood sugar rises, such as following a meal.
People with type I diabetes will always need to take insulin. This condition is usually diagnosed in childhood, and means your pancreas isn’t producing any insulin at all. Diabetes research and medical advances have come a long way. Most people find tests and injections don’t hurt nearly as much as they thought they would. And they find that once they start to control their condition, they feel a lot more energized. However, there is still no cure for diabetes. Insulin is just a method to control blood sugar levels.