Diabetes is a serious disease that can have devastating side effects. Diabetics do not produce enough insulin. This is the hormone that helps cells use glucose to create energy. So diabetics can have a difficult time keeping their blood sugar level normal. The extra sugar remains in the blood stream and leads to a number of problems.
High blood glucose can lead to kidney disease, blindness, heart problems and amputation. However, you can manage diabetes if you work to keep your blood sugar level normal. If you are in a high risk group, you should request to be tested. People over 40, or overweight should see a doctor about diabetes. If you carry extra weight around the middle, you are at increased risk. People with a close relative diagnosed with diabetes, should be tested. If you have Asian, Aboriginal, African or Hispanic blood, you are also more prone to diabetes. Heart disease and kidney disease can also be a sign.
When you can’t keep your blood sugar level normal, your body reacts in a number of ways. You may have blurry vision or numbness and tingling in the hands and feet. You may have no energy, or unexplained weight changes. You might be fighting recurrent infections. It is possible you will find your cuts and bruises taking an unusually long time to heal. You could also have the need to urinate more often.
Diabetes is split into three categories. Type One Diabetes was formerly known as juvenile diabetes. It occurs in children who cannot produce any insulin. They will need to take insulin injections to keep their blood sugar level normal. Type two diabetes usually surfaces in adults. This type of diabetes can be related to either the inability to use insulin effectively, or the inability to produce enough insulin. Sometimes people who suffer from Type 2 diabetes can control their condition with lifestyle changes. Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy, and goes away after birth. However, mothers who had gestational diabetes should continue to watch for the symptoms of diabetes.
Diabetes can be managed with insulin injections. The insulin has to be injected into the fatty layer of tissue below the skin to work. Your stomach juices render it useless. People can use a pen, pump or syringe to administer insulin. Your doctor will prescribe the correct dose to keep your blood sugar level normal.
You will also need a blood glucose meter if you are diagnosed with diabetes. This involves an implement to prick your finger, tests strips, and a blood glucose meter. You’ll have to test your blood several times a day to ensure your treatment plan is working.
Some people with type two diabetes can keep their blood sugar level normal through diet and exercise. Combining starches, proteins, fats and fibers into your meal plan will help you control how fast glucose gets into the blood stream, and help keep your blood sugar level normal. Carbohydrates should make up about 60 per cent of your diet, with proteins and fats rounding out a healthy meal. Carbohydrates include fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy foods. You can still have sweets sometimes. You’ll need to include them as part of your meal, and have smaller portions less often. You should get over 30 minutes of exercise every day. An aerobic work out seems to help keep you blood sugar level normal. Strength training is also very beneficial. Losing just ten pounds can also help keep your blood sugar level normal.