According to reports, skin rashes in infants are the result of normal psychological reaction when infants start to get expose to different stimulants such as detergents, clothes, air and even the sudden change on the temperature compared to mother’s womb. Skin rashes may be prominent in winter or summer. Definitely, if parents would be seeing this, it would cause concerns especially when it comes to their baby’s comfort. There is no treatment required.
Signs and Symptoms of Common Neonatal Dermatitis
Rash is a common sign of an infant skin disease or baby skin disease. Pictures of Baby skin rash can help you differentiate the various types of rashes. One condition infants are at risks to develop is the toxic erythema of the newborn. It is also known as erythema toxicum neonatorum or erythema toxicum. According to reports, it is more prevalent to full-term newborn than premature. Gender and race are not predisposing factors. The presentation of the disease is usually with flat red patches or called erythematous macules. Other signs include small bumps or papules and pustules. This skin disease is diagnosed through skin biopsy showing elevated results in neutrophils and eosinophils.
Another type of rash is the baby skin heat rash. Heat rash is shown by pink or red skin rash. Development of this skin problem starts when the sweat ducts are blocked. Common signs are swelling, itching and discomfort. They said that this usually would affect babies dressed too tightly and warmly.
Impetigo is a skin infection caused by bacteria either by staphylococci or streptococci that enter the skin of the baby. There are two types of impetigo: bullous and nonbullous. Bullous is characterized by presence of blister. Once this blister will burst, it will leave a yellow-brown crust. Nonbullous is a type of impetigo that has a yellow-crust with redness rash around it. Baby skin rash all over body can be noted mostly in the buttocks, thighs and lower abdomen.
The fourth type that we have on our list is eczema or called atopic dermatitis. Recurring baby skin bumps, dryness, redness itching, edema, flaking, crusting, blistering, oozing, cracking and bleeding are its common signs. Rash enlargement and scarring is the result of often scratching on the lesion. The factor that could increase the risk of getting eczema is an unclean environment and poor hygiene.
Around nine and 12 months old, nappy rash is a very common skin illness. This is the fifth type of baby skin rash. Those babies who are using disposable and washable nappies have high risk of developing this. This affects the part that is in contact with its nappy and will show an inflamed and reddened area. Genitals, thigh folds and the bottoms are the affected part.
Ringworm is the sixth type of baby rash. It is an infection caused by fungus. Ringworm will manifest scaly patches that usually have a size of quarter or a dime. Babies may acquire the pathogen from an infected pet or person. Some objects can also be the channel of transmission such as hair brushes, towels, hats, combs, and clothing.
Urticaria also known as baby skin pimples is also considered a baby rash. It has plaques and has a pale, swollen red bumps. It is being noted that it is a common result of an allergic reaction. Common symptoms are itching, string and burn.
Angioedema is a type of hive where swelling is found around the genitals, feet, hands, lips and eyes. Swelling will only last within 24 hours. It is also life-threatening. Angioedema of the tongue, throat and lungs can cause problems on airways that may result to breathing problem.
Diseases associated with infant’s skin problem
Rash, along with fever, is one of the most common signs of other major underlying diseases. Meningococcemia or meningococcal sepsis is the disease caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis. Rashes are present on all parts of the body if you have meningococcal sepsis. High prevalence is observed during spring and winter in children ages two years and below. The disease is being transmitted through nose and mouth by the people infected by the bacteria. Seeking medical advice and antibiotic therapy is the primary recommendation for patients suspected with meningococcal sepsis. Streptococcu spneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus aureus are bacteria that may affect us the same way as Neisseria meningitidis do.
A disease caused bites of tick is called Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF). Still the same, rashes is one of its signs. Tick bit is common in southeastern U.S. According to studies, mortality is low. Other symptoms are diarrhea, muscle aches, pains and delirium for severe cases. Another disease that manifests rashes as one of its sign is the Lyme disease.
Parents should always remember that rashes are normal and will just disappear later on. Some seeks medical advice by seeing a doctor, but still they will get the same answer. Others instead take some natural cure for treatment. Since baby’s skin is so sensitive, it is recommended to just leave it alone but of course not leaving the idea of hygiene and cleaning. “Water only” is always the best choice especially during the first month. Make sure that you can also avoid using chemical soap to avoid allergic reactions. If it is possible as well, avoid using alcohol-containing chemicals such as powder, wipe and petroleum jelly. Lastly, if you want to resort in using anti-fungal creams and hydrocortisone, you have to see a doctor for you to make sure that you are doing the right thing.
There is no perfect way to treat rashes. Aside from being a normal reaction from infants due to the change in the environment, it is undeniable that this would still lead to worries from parents. Parents always make sure that they are putting an extra care and effort in raising their infants. Every little piece of discomfort that can be seen on them would result to anxiety and that is a normal feeling from parents. We just have to remember that our main responsibility is to alleviate any discomfort our baby is experiencing and make sure that they will not experience again this illness called as baby skin rashes.